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WASCAL Ghana: Kwame Nkrumah University of Science & Technology
Nigeria Futminna
Université Abdou Moumouni de Niamey
WASCAL-NIGER | CLIMATE CHANGE AND ENERGY
WASCAL-NIGER | CLIMATE CHANGE AND ENERGY
WASCAL-NIGER | CLIMATE CHANGE AND ENERGY
WASCAL-NIGER | CLIMATE CHANGE AND ENERGY
WASCAL-NIGER | CLIMATE CHANGE AND ENERGY
WASCAL-NIGER | CLIMATE CHANGE AND ENERGY
WASCAL-NIGER | CLIMATE CHANGE AND ENERGY
WASCAL-NIGER | CLIMATE CHANGE AND ENERGY
WASCAL-NIGER | CLIMATE CHANGE AND ENERGY
WASCAL-NIGER | CLIMATE CHANGE AND ENERGY
WASCAL-NIGER | CLIMATE CHANGE AND ENERGY
WASCAL-NIGER | CLIMATE CHANGE AND ENERGY
WASCAL-NIGER | CLIMATE CHANGE AND ENERGY
WASCAL-NIGER | CLIMATE CHANGE AND ENERGY
WASCAL-NIGER | CLIMATE CHANGE AND ENERGY
WASCAL-NIGER | CLIMATE CHANGE AND ENERGY
WASCAL-NIGER | CLIMATE CHANGE AND ENERGY
WASCAL-NIGER | CLIMATE CHANGE AND ENERGY
WASCAL-NIGER | CLIMATE CHANGE AND ENERGY
WASCAL-NIGER | CLIMATE CHANGE AND ENERGY
WASCAL-NIGER | CLIMATE CHANGE AND ENERGY
WASCAL-NIGER | CLIMATE CHANGE AND ENERGY
WASCAL-NIGER | CLIMATE CHANGE AND ENERGY
WASCAL-NIGER | CLIMATE CHANGE AND ENERGY
WASCAL-NIGER | CLIMATE CHANGE AND ENERGY
WASCAL-NIGER | CLIMATE CHANGE AND ENERGY
WASCAL-NIGER | CLIMATE CHANGE AND ENERGY
WASCAL-NIGER | CLIMATE CHANGE AND ENERGY
WASCAL-NIGER | CLIMATE CHANGE AND ENERGY

Doctoral Research Programs

CLIMATE CHANGE AND ENERGY

DRP-CCE

Arrival the WASCAL DRP CCE Students , Field visit to Sekoukou, to Tombo Dare Salam , to ANERSOL, and Visit of a company dealing with solar PV panels and equipment

3rd day :

Field visit to Sekoukou

The village it’s about 50Km from Niamey to Sekoukou in the department of Kolo, the region of Tillabery.

Sekoukou is a demonstration site of the University Abdou Moumouni of Niamey as a framework research   and implementation site for master program in sustainable rural transformation (WAC-SRT).

Sekoukou is a village which has a population of about 800 in habitants, organized in three sub areas, agriculture is one of the main activities included fishing.

Before the demonstration site of the WACSRT project, the village is not grid connected, that mean the village doesn’t have any access to electricity, and also potable drinking water.

It is an opening air laboratory for students, in other to inter - react with the population, and to experiencing their standard of living of this village, and to find out solutions to their different needs, in terms of better health care, Potable drinking water, energy etc…

Sekoukou also offers a good environment stools in the field of renewable energy technologies, solar photovoltaic applications system and the socio-economic aspects like income-generating activities.

The WAC-SRT project, provided two important installations for the population of Sekoukou.

  • A solar PV power system plant of 1Kw.

  • A solar pumping system of 2.25KWc.

A solar PV plant

The plant estimation was 1Kw for the community needs, as the following services:

Lighting bulbs, a refrigerator, fans, a television set, a DVD and a charging points.

The technical components of the solar PV plant include:

12 solar panels (24V,120W), 1MPPT charge controller, 1 inverter (3KW,230V), 8 batteries (12V and 200Ah) 1 circuit breaker.

The pumping system

Eight solar panels of 2650W DC was used to powered a DC pump grundfos submerged in a borehole. The pump was used to pumped the water to a tank which served as a storage system.

A circuit breaker was installed to control the flow rate from the borehole to the tank.

The controller has CU200, the tanker also has a capacity of 15-meter cub.

This system is to provide potable drinking water to all the different areas of the village, in term of quality drinking water for the improvement of their health.

Visit of the fish pound

The fishing pound is an initiative of the villagers in other to produce sufficient fishes for selling to those who are in needs like Niamey the city, this activity can generate income for their community.

The person in charge of this activity explain how it is works it will take about six months before starting the production fish for selling.

 CIREG projects

Climate Information for Integrated Renewable Electricity Generation

CIREG is one of a consortium partners with WASCAL, they are working together in other to harmonized their effort for implementing rural electrification in Sekoukou, and also in the field of climate and energy aspects.

We have:

A solar PV automatic weather station system.

An automatic weather station with solar PV system, offered by CIREG (Climate Information for integrated Renewable Electricity Generation).  

To understand better the climate changing, and data analysis, the station offers for the students a data base for each year for their needs.

The station is composed with a humidity sensor, pluviometer, and anemometer.

Data was collected directly on the system that’s (the temperature, solar insolation, wind speed), and they are all transferred automatically to a webpage for storage.

It will be also downloadable on- site, all these measurements will give the accurate information and precision on the solar energy radiation, the quantity of rain fall, the wind to understand better the climate changing, and data analysis, the station offers for the students a data base for each year for their needs.

The station is composed with a humidity sensor, pluviometer, and anemometer.

Data was collected directly on the system that’s (the temperature, solar insolation, wind speed), and they are all transferred automatically to a webpage for storage.

It will be also downloadable on- site, all these measurements will give the accurate information and precision on the solar energy radiation, the quantity of rain fall, the wind.

A solar PV plant for 120 household’s electrifications:

A solar PV power plant of 66.780KW/h for rural electrification at Sekoukou offered also by CIREG, about 120 households were going to benefited from the rural electrification.

The estimation for the total households it is about 66,780 KW/h, the solar PV plant is composing with.

42 solar panels of (265W), 24 batteries of (2V and 550Ah), 02 inverters (5KW) with inverter charge,10 electrical cabinets. The distributions cover 120 households:

Sixty (60) households will benefited with one (1) bulb and one (1) power socket, and another sixty (60) households with two (2) bulbs and one (1) power socket, with a total of 120 households electrified.

Students have also visited some houses in the different areas of the village to see the connections how it has been made.

Fourth day:

Field trip to Tombo Dare Salam 

Wednesday 22nd of January 2020,

The village it’s about 80 Km from Niamey to Dare Salam in the Region of Dosso, the Department of Boboye and the municipality of N’GONGA.

The 2014 demographic census, Dare Salam has 435 households, with a total population of 2213 inhabitants as follow:

We have 1149 Men and 1064 of Women with a total of 2213 inhabitants which composed the population.

Dare Salam was created since there is about forth century ago.

A welcome address has been made by the chief, accompanied by praises of the olders of the village, they said that we are at home, to consider our self like those who are living here.

The coordinator, Dr. Inoussa in response to the chief of the village, said that we are all happy to meet everybody here, men and women of  this village, it is very great full and we are very happy about you all, and you are showing us particular moment of delightness and happiness, we are here chairing  with you  all about your concern, that’s an important aspect, we want to know about your village this is to allow the students to have an ideas of your living conditions, to chair the realities of this village, to have an image of this village.

 After that, the coordinator thanks the chief of the village and his populations for their hospitality showing to us.

Firstly, he said, if we came here, it’s not by hazard, we are here because we have to hear a lot about the village, we came here to chair with you many things, to have a look of this village, specially the students to inter react with the population of this village.

Some questions have been asked by the students.

  1. Is there any project which actually work with women here?

They said that there is no project here concerning the women activities like credits facilities, or income-generating activities in this village.     

  1. In which sectors they would need an assistance?

They said that, for instance one of the major problem in this village is the problem of potable drinking water and electricity.

All student’s questions are resumed on socio – economics aspects, (their living conditions), potable drinking water, the energy aspect (renewable energy), education, health care conditions etc…

  1. Which kind of energy are they using for cooking?

We are using fire wood for cooking

4.Would you like to change your cooking conditions?

They said yes, because we are suffering a lot for fetching fire wood, the distance is far away from the village.

Visiting of the PV pumping system of Dare Salam:

The village have two PV pumping systems, one is working and the second one is not working at all. The PV plant for the pumping system is not in adequacy with the total needs of the village, because of the high demand of water than the production, which means there’s a big problem of water in this village, and the geological aspects of the areas (the groundwater is very deep, about 80 meters) 

The capacity of the PV pumping system is not in line with the high demand of water, in this village.

Question from students.

 Women in this village, are they got access to credits facilities?

Answer:

We have nothing about credits access up to now, there is nothing in terms of projects here in this village.

 Question from student.

If a project wants to bring any kind of assistance for this village, which sectors do you prioritize?

Answer:

The first priority in this village is the problem of water. You are seeing the number of gallons around the PV pumping system.

Secondly we need rural electrification because the village is not grid connected, that mean the village doesn’t have access to electricity, if we have electricity, and water here our problems are solved.

Visiting of different areas of the village:

  • The health care center of the village, they have one nurse for 2213 inhabitants, working in a difficult condition, there’s no light in the center. One question is asking by a student, in case of birth in the night what can she do?

    The answer is: I ‘am using touch light.

The primary school they have 201 girls and 190 boys with a total of 391 students

  • The secondary school they have 77 both girls and boys with a total of 154 students.

  • The Kindergarten, they have 44 children’s, 19 girls and 25 boys, composed of two sections

    Section 1: We have 14 girls and 6 boys with a total of 20 students.

    Section 2: We have 11 girls and 13 boys with a total of 24 students.

  • The traditional wells in the village.

They have two wells, the deepest one in the village, it’s about seventy maters (70m), the second one is about sixty meters (60m).

Women are the most exposed in the search of water for domestic work, they are using donkey to draw water from the wells, because of the deepness.

After four months of intensive English language in Cape – Cost (GHANA),

It’s now time for students to return to their different center of WASCAL (West African Science Service Center on Climate Change and Adapted Land Use).

The ceremony of the arrival activities was organized by the Director of the DRP-CCE Program, Prof Rabani ADAMOU, the coordinator of the Program Dr. Inoussa, and all the WASCAL Staff members few days ago before they arrived.

The activities have already started on Wednesday, 15th January 2020 corresponding to the student’s arrival from Accra (GHANA) to Niamey (NIGER).

1st day

The students were arrived in the afternoon by the Ivorian Air Way Company flight at the International Airport of Niamey at 15H 30 Pm. The coordinator of the Program Dr. Inoussa, and the WASCAL team was at the airport for their welcoming, after the greetings, we took the students to the ABDOU MOUMOUNI University of Niamey, where the WASCAL Center is located in other to meet the Director of WASCAL for the salutations.  after that, they have been directly transported to EMIG for their accommodations.

2nd day

Thursday, 16th of January 2020 at the WASCAL center, the Director of the DRP Program make an address to all the students by welcoming them for arriving safety in Niger, and given them advice to how they should behave with the administration, they should take into an account the respect fullness of all the rules and regulations of WASCAL, and also to be present, punctual during all the lectures, because it is a part of their evaluations

At 10h : 00 am.

A coffee break has been organized for the event to all the students and staff of WASCAL.

After the coffee break, Prof ADAMOU Rabani explain to the students, the DRP-CCE program (the Curriculum and it’s different aspects).

At the end of the presentation, a group photo was taken.

5th days :

Thursday, 23rd of January 2020.

Visit of a company dealing with solar PV panels and equipment (solar kits) : (Yandalux)

Yandalux is a company which is dealing with a solar energy aspect (Solar PV panels, solar PV pumping machine, supply and installation of solar street lights, drilling system with PV solar pumping machine etc… the main company is in Germany, they are established in several African countries like Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Côte D’ivoir, Guinee Conakry, Gambia, Togo and Rwanda. 

Yandalux have realized an autonomous PV central plant in Gorou and the maintenance, they are also have the contract of the rural electrification of Sekoukou, with 42 solar PV panels and 25 batteries with a capacity of 66,780 KW/h for the electrification of 120 households in Sekoukou.

The mission of Yandalux is to provide Solar PV energy power in all over the country, particularly in the rural areas of Niger.

The second mission is to supply different kind of Solar PV energy equipment and the spare parts, like batteries, PV panels etc…

Second visit to Sekoukou :

The objective of this visit is to look about the system of management of all these infrastructures, to see how there are organized themselves, for these important investments.

Firstly, they created a committee which is in charge of all the managements aspects.

 This committee is headed by the president, his vice president, the general secretary, his assistance, the general treasurer, his assistance, the responsible for the organization, the responsible for information, an auditor and also a security guards.

 Conclusion:

The importance of all these sites visits, is to enable students to write their own research proposals, it is like a research framework, how they can afford the future by evaluated some risks in the energy sector, water, and agriculture, to allow them how they can overcome obstacles by the changing climate and the implementation of some mechanisms which can reduce the danger, and planning the strategies for a new challenges.

Visit of CNES :

 CNES : Is the National Center of Solar Energy, now called ANERSOL.

They received the visit of the students of WASCAL (DRP-CCE), and the coordinator of the program, Dr. Inoussa and the team of WASCAL.

 A welcomed address by the Director and her staff members to all the students, after she thanked the coordinator for the importance attached to their institution.

 She said, we are very pleased to received you here, and we are always at your disposal of your institution WASCAL (DRP-CCE) and Abdou MOUMOUNI University (UAM).

  After that the visits have started, they explain the objectives and roles of their institution.

The objectives:

  • Training of installers, technicians of self-contained PV solar systems, a training program based on valid curricula, through a certified program.

  • Studying, size and implement a PV solar installation.

  • Understand and master the diagnostic approach and the maintenance of PV systems aspects.

  • Studying the production, the electrical consumption of a site supplied by solar source.

  • Measure and analyze the solar deposit of a site

  • Studying the influence of solar masks.

  • Mastering the concept of solar pumping and drip.

  • Implementing a solar water heater, operate it and perform maintenance.

The roles :

Is to identified and characterized any kinds of solar energy equipment before the importations and commercialization, to see the quality and the performance of different types of solar PV equipment (the PV panels, the batteries, solar pumping machines etc…).

Visiting some equipment:

We also have a look   about the PV plant of the electrification of the administration office, how it was installed.

 We visited some equipment in the show room, experimental stools, the solar pumping systems drip, the drying systems of vegetables (tomatoes onions etc…).

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