Master's Research Programs
CLIMATE CHANGE AND ENERGY
Energy is a major issue in the world. More than 80% of the energy comes from fossil fuels, a finite resource unevenly distributed beneath the Earth's surface. Thus, reserves of fossil fuels are progressively decreasing and their continued use produces harmful pollutants and greenhouse gases associated with global warming and climate change. But energy is a basic necessity for human activity and economic and social development.
In its Fourth Assessment Report, the Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change (IPCC) has confirmed that climate change is real and Africa is "one of the most vulnerable continents to climate change and climate variability". The continent vulnerability is exacerbated, among other factors, by endemic poverty, economic and institutional weakness, and limited access to infrastructure, technology and energy. Thus, for its ongoing development, Africa needs more energy despite its vulnerability to the changing climate.
Moreover, this region continues currently to face several critical challenges related to its energy sector like energy access, energy security and unsustainable use of wood resources. Indeed, about 60% of the population has no access to the electric power grid (90% in rural areas) and over 60% of the total energy consumption comes from traditional biomass aggravating the region deforestation and desertification. The main challenge in the coming years will be how to satisfy the increasing energy demand without exacerbating observed social, economic and environmental problems caused by the changing climate. In fact, climate change consequences such as desertification, drought, flood, food insecurity, immigration, etc. are yet present in a certain extent.
In order to identify resilient and adaptive measures to the changing climate for a more efficient and sustainable human development in West Africa, the Federal Ministry of Education and Science of Germany (BMBF) is supporting West African partners countries (Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote d’Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal and Togo) with the establishment of West African Science Service Center on Climate Change and Adapted Land Use (WASCAL). The Center for Development Research (ZEF) of the University of Bonn, is charged with implementation of the preparatory phase of WASCAL. WASCAL is intended to improve the understanding of interactions and feedback loops between climate change and socio-economic and ecological conditions to enhance the predictive capability of climate change at local to sub-regional scales. It is expected to generate knowledge and develop the analytical capability of West Africa to resolve current and future problems caused by the changing climate. Establishment of WASCAL consists of three major tasks:
Establishment of competence center in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso) to serve as a hub that connects regional partners in data gathering networks and offering them infrastructure and expertise to analyze the impacts of climate change and develop strategies and policies to cope with them;
Collaboration between German and African Scientists on jointly designed research program on adapted land use and management under a changing climate; and
Establishment and sponsorship of regional nodes of excellence for capacity building addressing cross cutting issues related to climate change.
The third task involves the establishment of Regional Graduate Research Programs (GRPs and MRPs) in Lead Universities within the region that would address priority research areas in an interdisciplinary manner covering African Climate System, Climate Change and Water Resources, Climate Change Economics, Climate Change and Agriculture, Climate Change and Land Use, Climate Change and Biodiversity as well as Climate Change and Energy. These GRPs and MRPs will involve faculties from supporting Universities willing to cover teaching and student supervision.
Under this framework, WASCAL proposed a Master Research Program (MRP) in Climate Change and Energy (CCE). In the proposed master, WASCAL aim is to improve the understanding of interactions between climate change and Energy needs in the region. That will help to solve the energy crisis and to reduce the global warning effect by saving energy, using energy in more efficient ways or by finding alternative sustainable energy sources.
The Master in Climate Change and Energy (CCE) will be hosted by Abdou Moumouni University of Niamey (Niger). The program will be managed in partnership with renowned African, German and others international universities and institutions.
For information, additional information on the program:
Tel.: +227 20 31 50 14 / 96 89 79 81
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B.P: 10662 FAST Niamey