Master's Research Programs
CLIMATE CHANGE AND ENERGY
The following persons contributed to the success of the workshop: Prof Rabani Amadou (UAM); Dr. Dr Inoussa Maarouhi (WASCAL, UAM); Pr. Moussa Harouna (UAM); Pr. Makinta Boukar (UAM); Prof Doumma (WAC-SRT, UAM); Pr. Madougou Saidou (UAM); Prof. Saley Yahaya (UAM); Dr. Yamegueu Daniel; market (demand and supply dynamics) and the challenges involved in their business operations. Prof Namoda, a physicist and renewable energy expert (freelance); M. Garba Tahirou, Engineer in Electronics, Independent installer of Solar Systems; Mamadou Minthe, Director General, Yandalux Niger;
C. Activities Conducted during the workshop
The workshop was organized around four group of activities:
An opening ceremony and a closing ceremony were also organized at the beginning and end of the workshop.
The lectures delivered by Pr. Moussa Harouna, introduced students through examples and case studies, to the notion of impact factor, as a criterion used to rank the quality of research papers. Students were also informed about some open access journals such as eJDS- eJournals Delivery Service, MDPA, Basesearch, These.fr, Archives Ouvertes, Global Science gateway, Science.gov, Open AIRE, Readoc.fr, Agricola. Etc. Finally students were trained on how to search for literature for research and were also informed about the various referencing tools that exist apart from Mendeley, EndNote…
3. Refreshment lecture on renewable energy:
The lecture given by Pr. Madougou Saidou was organized in an Interactive manner and addressed particularly solar and wind renewable energy.
A two weeks duration workshop was organized in Niamey at the WASCAL Master Research Program on Climate Change and Energy (MRP CC &Energy). The workshop brought together students of the Pan African University - Institute of Water and Energy Sciences (PAUWES) working on energy related issues –engineering or policy issues and their counterparts of the WASCAL MRP CC & Energy, focusing on the same topics. The workshop was facilitated and conducted by lecturers and scientists from the WASCAL region and from Niger.
Workshop activities (except for field trips) were held on the premises of the MRP CC & Energy building on the University Abdou Moumouni campus.
The workshop was attended by twenty (20) participants from both PAUWES and WASCAL (ten students from each institution). This list of participants is attached to this report.
WASCAL /UAM Students
PAUWES / Tlemcen Students
2. Refreshment lecture on renewable energy in hydro: the lecture delivered by Pr. Makinta Boukar
The lecture focused on the outlook of the global structure of hydro power stations and the components concerning hydro dam construction.
4. Refreshment lecture on conventional energy.
The lecture delivered by Prof. Saley Yahaya discussed about fossil fuel and coal as some of the conventional energy sources that are responsible for the emission of greenhouse gasses and rapid climate change impacts. Nuclear energy was also discussed.
The three refreshment lectures beckoned for more understanding of issues of energy generation.
5. Lecture on master’s proposal writing outline:
This lecture was delivered by Pr. Rabani Adamou. The lecturer focused on training students about the process of developing good research proposals. Important components such as proposal title, abstract, research question, objectives, and hypothesis were discussed.
6. Lecture on Energy and Environment / Clean development:
the lecture was presented by Dr. Yamegueu Daniel. He walked student through the importance of clean energy as an option for sustainable development. Concepts such as green, alternative technologies and renewable energy as well as the dimensions of sustainable development (which are Economic, Environmental and Social) were also reviewed
7. Lecture on Biomass energy:
the lecture was presented by Dr Inoussa Maarouhi. In addition to emphasizing the importance of biomass energy, the course also introduced students to the ENVI Ex software used for the modeling and quantification of Biomass energy resources.
I. Hands-on Sessions
1. Introduction to HOMER software:
The students were introduced to the software as a tool for energy modeling and economic assessment of power projects. An assignment was given to students to try their hands on the HOMER software.
2. Creation of “dye sensitized solar cells”:
The session was organized by Prof Rabani Adamou and Mr. Kalo.
3. A field visit to Sekoukou village:
The Village is located in Kollo department, (Tillabery Region) at about 50 Km from Niamey. It constitutes a research and learning site (open-air laboratory) for the Master program in sustainable rural transformation (WAC-SRT). It offers a good environment for students to appraise in a practical, real context, the deployment of renewable energy technologies (solar photovoltaic systems applications) for rural electrification and socio-economic empowerment to local communities.
Sekoukou village has a population of about 800 inhabitants, organized in three sub-settlements. Its inhabitants live mostly from farming, livestock raising, and fishing. Before the WAC-SRT project, the community was not grid connected and had no access to electricity and to potable drinking water. The Sekoukou community has shown a great willingness to hosting ad participating in the project activities.
The WAC-SRT project allowed two important installations for the benefit of the community: a solar PV power plant of 1 KW and a solar pumping system. A solar powered automatic weather station completed these installations.
Solar PV Plant: The electric plant was designed to satisfy the following services to the community estimated at 1kW: lighting bulbs, a refrigerator, fans, a television set, a DVD and phone charging points. The technical components of the Solar PV Plant include: 12 Solar panels (24V, 120W); 1 MPPT charge controller; 1 Inverter (3kW, 230V); 8 Batteries (12V and 200Ah); 1 Circuit breaker.
III. Conferences and interactions
1. Public presentation on the Nigerian Agency for Rural Electrification (ANPER) – Public Agency
The presentation was given by the Director General (Dr. Salouhou Hamidine). He introduced students to the general context of energy sources and access to electricity in Niger. About 80 percent of people live in rural areas, it is estimated that only 1% of rural population has access to electricity. Hence the mission given to his agency, created in 2013, to scale up the energy coverage in rural areas. ANPER is in charge of design, implementation and monitoring of renewable energy these areas of the country. ANPER is using various approaches to electrification the rural areas. Three levels of services are considered: basic lighting (schools, public areas), social services (health centers, …) and economic use (ice, carpentry, ..). Niger has several potential sources of both conventional and non-conventional energy (oil, coal, dam, uranium, wind and sun); but ANPER emphasizes development of renewable energy. Besides, Niger is a very vast country, with important distances between villages and cities. Hence the importance given to mini-grids. The tendency is to let programs be owned by private sector. ANPER is supported by several development partners including the World Bank, The African Development and the West Africa Development Bank.
IV. Tutoring and review of development of research proposals
Students from PAUWES and WAC-SRT did presentations in the areas of assessment of activities and experienced gained, particularly concerning the visit to the demonstration at Seoukou. Students from PAUWES presented a project aiming at expanding and consolidating the WAC-SRT project in Sekoukou. The PAUWES students also individually made presentations on their research proposal, focusing on the title, abstract, research questions, objectives and hypothesis. Comments and suggestions for improvement were offered to each of the student after his presentation.
V. CLOSING CEREMONY
A closing ceremony took place at WASCAL in the evening. Participants received certificates of participation and the Dean of FAST, Director of MRP-CCE, Executive Director of WASCAL and other guests present encouraged and advised students from both institutions to keep relation and work together in order to achieve their goals.
For information, additional information on the program:
Tel.: +227 20 31 50 14 / 96 89 79 81
E-mail : email@example.com
B.P: 10662 FAST Niamey
Pumping system: Nine solar panels of 250W DC power supply were used to power a DC pump submerged in a borehole. The DC pump was used to pumped water to a tank which served as a storage system during the night. A circuit breaker has been installed to control the flow rate from the borehole to the tank.
Both the solar PV power plant and the pumping system were managed by committees established by the community and generated funds through some of the paying services.
A solar powered weather station located at the community was used to obtain real time data. The station is made-up of humidity sensor, pryheliometer and anemometer. The collected data on temperature, solar insolation, wind speed … is transferred automatically to a webpage for storage. The data is also downloadable on-site. The collected data will allow, among others, to correlate various parameters in-relation to available solar energy.
2. Interaction with the Private Sector
The students had also an opportunity during a full session to interact with actors of the private sector. Mr. Garba Tahirou, a private engineer specialized in PV systems, entertain the students on the PV market potential in Niger, the actual market size, the supply chain, the demand and the PV market outlook. Then the General Manager of Yandalux Niger, Mr. Mamadou Minthe, discussed some operations of his company in Niger. Yandalux is an international company started in Germany and Mali, with operations mostly in West Africa and now expanding to Northern Africa. It specializes in project development, engineering and installation of PV electrification and PV water pumping systems. Prof A. Namoda, a retired physicist and renewable energy expert gave his insights and shared his experience in the area of private sector development in Niger. Students participated in a general discussion on the major constraints to the private sector development in the aea of renewable energy in Niger.